Medical Discoveries Trivia Quiz – 10 Questions And Answers

Welcome to our Medical Discoveries Trivia Quiz, where we delve into the fascinating realm of medical breakthroughs that have revolutionized healthcare and saved countless lives. Throughout history, brilliant minds in the field of medicine have made extraordinary discoveries and advancements that have transformed our understanding of the human body, diseases, and treatments.

In this quiz, we will test your knowledge of some of the most significant medical discoveries and milestones. From groundbreaking vaccines to life-saving surgical techniques, these achievements have had a profound impact on global health and have paved the way for new possibilities in medical science.

Whether you’re a healthcare professional, a medical student, or simply intrigued by the wonders of medicine, this quiz will challenge your understanding of medical history and the remarkable innovations that have shaped the field. We’ve gathered ten thought-provoking questions that cover a wide range of medical discoveries, from the past to the present, showcasing the ingenuity and dedication of medical researchers throughout the ages.

So let’s crack on and dive into the captivating world of medical science together!

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  1. What year was the smallpox vaccine discovered by Edward Jenner?
    • 1789
    • 1801
    • 1790
    • 1796
    The correct answer is 1796.
    Edward Jenner discovered the smallpox vaccine in 1796, which led to the eventual eradication of the disease worldwide.
  2. Which scientist discovered penicillin in 1928?
    • Louis Pasteur
    • Alexander Fleming
    • Robert Koch
    • Marie Curie
    The correct answer is Alexander Fleming.
    Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928, which became the first widely used antibiotic and revolutionized medicine.
  3. What is the name of the first successful polio vaccine, developed in 1955?
    • Sabin vaccine
    • Measles vaccine
    • Salk vaccine
    • Mumps vaccine
    The correct answer is Salk vaccine.
    The Salk vaccine, developed by Jonas Salk in 1955, was the first successful polio vaccine and led to a significant decrease in polio cases worldwide.
  4. What medical imaging technique was invented by Sir Godfrey Hounsfield in 1972?
    • X-ray
    • Computed Tomography (CT)
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
    • Ultrasound
    The correct answer is Computed Tomography (CT).
    Sir Godfrey Hounsfield invented the Computed Tomography (CT) scanner in 1972, which allows doctors to see detailed images of the body’s internal structures.

  1. What is the name of the process used to create “test-tube babies” through in-vitro fertilization?
    • Patrick Steptoe
    • Robert Edwards
    • Louise Brown
    • Jean Purdy
    The correct answer is Louise Brown.
    Louise Brown was the first “test-tube baby” born through in-vitro fertilization in 1978, a process developed by Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe.
  2. Which scientist is credited with the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953?
    • James Watson and Francis Crick
    • Linus Pauling
    • Rosalind Franklin
    • Maurice Wilkins
    The correct answer is James Watson and Francis Crick.
    James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of DNA in 1953, with the help of Rosalind Franklin’s X-ray crystallography work.
  3. What was the first successful organ transplant performed in 1954?
    • Lung transplant
    • Heart transplant
    • Kidney transplant
    • Liver transplant
    The correct answer is Kidney transplant.
    The first successful organ transplant was a kidney transplant performed in 1954 by Dr. Joseph Murray, who later won the Nobel Prize for his work.
  4. Which blood type is known as the “universal donor”?
    • O positive
    • AB positive
    • AB negative
    • O negative
    The correct answer is O negative.
    O negative blood can be given to patients of any blood type, making it the “universal donor.”
  5. What is the name of the hormone that regulates blood sugar levels, discovered in 1921?
    • Glucagon
    • Adrenaline
    • Insulin
    • Cortisol
    The correct answer is Insulin.
    Insulin, discovered by Frederick Banting and Charles Best in 1921, is the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels in the body.
  6. What is the name of the first cloned mammal, a sheep, born in 1996?
    • Dolly
    • Polly
    • Molly
    • Holly
    The correct answer is Dolly.
    Dolly the sheep was the first cloned mammal, born in 1996 through a process called somatic cell nuclear transfer.
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